Hydroxyl Radical Protein Footprinting: A Mass Spectrometry-Based Structural Method for Studying the Higher Order Structure of Proteins

Hydroxyl Radical Protein Footprinting: A Mass Spectrometry-Based Structural Method for Studying the Higher Order Structure of Proteins

Hydroxyl radical protein footprinting (HRPF) coupled to mass spectrometry has been efficiently used to analyze a plethora of protein-related questions. The tactic, which makes use of hydroxyl radicals to oxidatively modify solvent-accessible amino acids, can inform on protein interplay websites and areas of conformational change.
Hydroxyl radical-based footprinting was initially developed to review nucleic acids, however coupling the tactic with mass spectrometry has enabled the research of proteins. The tactic has undergone a number of developments since its inception which have elevated its utility for extra diversified purposes corresponding to protein folding and the research of biotherapeutics.
As well as, current improvements have led to the research of more and more complicated techniques together with cell lysates and intact cells. Technological advances have additionally elevated throughput and allowed for higher management of experimental situations. On this assessment, we offer a short historical past of the sector of HRPF and element current improvements and purposes within the area.

Missense mutations involvement in COX-2 construction, and protein-substrate binding affinity: in-silico research

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is an inducible inflammatory enzyme, which produces prostanoids from arachidonic acid. COX-2 overexpression and over-activity may cause irritation, tumorigenesis, and angiogenesis. Prostanoids are the primary motive for the irritation, and enhance of mitogenesis by COX-2.
So, any change corresponding to mutations that may result in COX-2 over-activity may ignite the tumor conditions with enhance of prostanoids manufacturing is considered one of its methods. The goal of this research was to test the impact of 166 missense mutations of COX-2 on protein options that may have an effect on the COX-2 exercise corresponding to protein stability, fluctuation, 2D construction, and its binding affinity with the substrate by in silico strategies, community modeling, and docking calculations, by which 44 of them proven to be deleterious.
Amongst them, the S124I and S474F mutations can enhance the soundness of the protein. 11.36% of deleterious nsSNPs have been a part of the substrate-binding area amongst which the M508T, H337R, and V511G have the potential to have an effect on the protein by 2D construction alteration.
V511G can enhance binding affinity and H337R confirmed a small lower within the deformation total vitality that may symbolize a lower within the stability of COX-2. Additionally, L517S confirmed a major lower within the binding energy of COX-2/substrate however primarily based on the anisotropic community modeling this mutation has a twin impact on COX-2 stability. These nsSNPs/mutations have the potential inflicting a rise or lower of tumorigenesis as a result of rising of COX-2 stability and its binding affinity can result in altering its exercise.

Cryo-EM construction willpower of small proteins by nanobody-binding scaffolds (Legobodies)

We describe a common methodology that permits construction willpower of small proteins by single-particle cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM). The tactic relies on the supply of a target-binding nanobody, which is then rigidly connected to 2 scaffolds: 1) a Fab fragment of an antibody directed in opposition to the nanobody and a pair of) a nanobody-binding protein A fraction fused to maltose binding protein and Fab-binding domains.
The general ensemble of ∼120 kDa, referred to as Legobody, doesn’t perturb the nanobody-target interplay, is well recognizable in EM pictures because of its distinctive form, and facilitates particle alignment in cryo-EM picture processing.
The utility of the tactic is demonstrated for the KDEL receptor, a 23-kDa membrane protein, leading to a map at 3.2-Å total decision with density enough for de novo mannequin constructing, and for the 22-kDa receptor-binding area (RBD) of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, leading to a map at 3.6-Å decision that permits evaluation of the binding interface to the nanobody. The Legobody strategy thus overcomes the present dimension limitations of cryo-EM evaluation.

Human Surfactant Protein SP-A1 and SP-A2 Variants Differentially Have an effect on the Alveolar Microenvironment, Surfactant Construction, Regulation and Perform of the Alveolar Macrophage, and Animal and Human Survival Underneath Numerous Circumstances

The human innate host protection molecules, SP-A1 and SP-A2 variants, differentially have an effect on survival after an infection in mice and in lung transplant sufferers. SP-A interacts with the sentinel innate immune cell within the alveolus, the alveolar macrophage (AM), and modulates its perform and regulation.
SP-A additionally performs a task in pulmonary surfactant-related points, together with surfactant construction and reorganization. For many (if not all) pulmonary illnesses there’s a dysregulation of host protection and inflammatory processes and/or surfactant dysfunction or deficiency. As a result of SP-A performs a task in each of those common processes the place one or each might turn out to be aberrant in pulmonary illness, SP-A stands to be an essential molecule in well being and illness.
In people (in contrast to in rodents) SP-A is encoded by two genes (SFTPA1 and SFTPA2) and every has been recognized with in depth genetic and epigenetic complexity. On this assessment, we deal with practical, structural, and regulatory variations between the 2 SP-A gene-specific merchandise, SP-A1 and SP-A2, and amongst their corresponding variants.
We focus on the differential impression of those variants on the surfactant construction, the alveolar microenvironment, the regulation of epithelial kind II miRNome, the regulation and performance of the AM, the general survival of the organism after an infection, and others. Though there have been numerous critiques on SP-A, that is the primary assessment that gives such a complete account of the variations between human SP-A1 and SP-A2.
Hydroxyl Radical Protein Footprinting: A Mass Spectrometry-Based Structural Method for Studying the Higher Order Structure of Proteins

Advanced construction of the acyltransferase VinK and the service protein VinL with a pantetheine cross-linking probe

Acyltransferases are answerable for the choice and loading of acyl items onto service proteins in polyketide and fatty-acid biosynthesis. Regardless of the significance of protein-protein interactions between the acyltransferase and the service protein, structural info on acyltransferase-carrier protein interactions is proscribed due to the transient interactions between them.
Within the biosynthesis of the polyketide vicenistatin, the acyltransferase VinK acknowledges the service protein VinL for the switch of a dipeptidyl unit. The crystal construction of a VinK-VinL covalent complicated fashioned with a 1,2-bismaleimidoethane cross-linking reagent has been decided beforehand.
Right here, the crystal construction of a VinK-VinL covalent complicated fashioned with a pantetheine cross-linking probe is reported at 1.95 Å decision. Within the construction of the VinK-VinL-probe complicated, the pantetheine probe that’s connected to VinL is covalently linked to the aspect chain of the mutated Cys106 of VinK.

SARS-CoV Spike Protein

abx060655-1mg 1 mg
EUR 2030.4

SARS-CoV-2 Spike Peptide

9083P 0.05 mg
EUR 235.5
Description: (NT) SARS-CoV-2 Spike peptide

SARS-CoV-2 Spike Peptide

9087P 0.05 mg
EUR 235.5
Description: (CT) SARS-CoV-2 Spike RBD peptide

SARS-CoV-2 Spike Peptide

9091P 0.05 mg
EUR 235.5
Description: (IN) SARS-CoV-2 Spike peptide

SARS-CoV-2 Spike Peptide

9095P 0.05 mg
EUR 235.5
Description: (IN) SARS-CoV-2 Spike peptide

SARS-CoV spike protein Antibody

abx023139-100ug 100 ug
EUR 1028.4

SARS-CoV spike protein Antibody

abx023143-100ug 100 ug
EUR 1028.4

SARS-CoV-2 Spike S2 Peptide

9119P 0.05 mg
EUR 235.5
Description: (IN) SARS-CoV-2 Spike peptide

SARS-CoV-2 Spike S2 Peptide

9123P 0.05 mg
EUR 235.5
Description: (CT) SARS-CoV-2 Spike peptide

Sars-Cov, Spike (Middle) Recom Protein

abx060656-1mg 1 mg
EUR 2030.4

SARS-CoV-2 Spike Monoclonal Antibody

A73664
  • EUR 341.00
  • EUR 518.10
  • 50 ul
  • 100 ul

SARS-CoV-2 Spike RBD Nanobody

A73680
  • Ask for price
  • EUR 882.20
  • 50 ul
  • 100 ul

SARS-CoV-2 Spike Monoclonal Antibody

A73664-050 50 ul
EUR 341

SARS-CoV-2 Spike Monoclonal Antibody

A73664-100 100 ul
EUR 518.1

SARS-CoV-2 Spike RBD Nanobody

A73680-050 50 ul Ask for price

SARS-CoV-2 Spike RBD Nanobody

A73680-100 100 ul
EUR 882.2

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Antibody

3525-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 206.18
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Antibody

3525-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 523.7
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

Anti-SARS-CoV-2 Spike S1 Antibody

A3000-50 50 µg
EUR 502.8

Sars-Cov, Spike (N-Term) Recom Protein

abx060657-1mg 1 mg
EUR 2247.6

Recombinant Coronavirus Spike Protein (SARS-CoV S2)

P1519-10 10µg
EUR 187.2

Recombinant Coronavirus Spike Protein (SARS-CoV S2)

P1519-50 50µg
EUR 661.2

SARS-CoV-2(COVID-19) Spike Recombinant Protein

10-411 0.1 mg
EUR 714.3
Description: Protein S (PROS1) is glycoprotein and expressed in many cell types supporting its reported involvement in multiple biological processes that include coagulation, apoptosis, cancer development and progression, and the innate immune response. Known receptors bind S1 are ACE2, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, DPP4, CEACAM etc.. The spike (S) glycoprotein of coronaviruses is known to be essential in the binding of the virus to the host cell at the advent of the infection process. Most notable is severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (SARS-CoV) spike (S) glycoprotein alone can mediate the membrane fusion required for virus entry and cell fusion. It is also a major immunogen and a target for entry inhibitors. It's been reported that 2019-nCoV can infect the human respiratory epithelial cells through interaction with the human ACE2 receptor. The spike protein is a large type I transmembrane protein containing two subunits, S1 and S2. S1 mainly contains a receptor binding domain (RBD), which is responsible for recognizing the cell surface receptor. S2 contains basic elements needed for the membrane fusion.The S protein plays key parts in the induction of neutralizing-antibody and T-cell responses, as well as protective immunity.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Antibody (biotin)

3525-biotin-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Antibody (biotin)

3525-biotin-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Antibody (HRP)

3525-HRP-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Antibody (HRP)

3525-HRP-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Recombinant Protein

20-233 0.1 mg
EUR 726.9
Description: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Recombinant Protein

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Recombinant Protein

11-073 0.1 mg
EUR 695.4
Description: May down-regulate host tetherin (BST2) by lysosomal degradation, thereby counteracting its antiviral activity.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S1 Antibody

9083-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S1 Antibody

9083-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike RBD Antibody

9087-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike RBD Antibody

9087-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike 681P Antibody

9091-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike 681P Antibody

9091-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody

9119-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody

9119-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody

9123-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody

9123-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 Spike P26S Antibody (Gamma Variant)

9573-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: In January of 2021 a new lineage of SARS-CoV-2, known as P.1 and named as Gamma variant, was discovered in Japan and later spread in Brazil. It is considered as VOC (variant of concern). This variant carries 10 mutations in spike protein, including N501Y, E484K and K417T in RBD, which can increase the affinity to the human ACE2 receptor. Enhanced transmission of the Gamma variant (P.1 lineage) was observed globally, which is 3.5 times more contagious as the original one. The Gamma variant affects the effectiveness of COVID19 vaccine and is resistant to neutralization to some extent due to the immune escape E484K mutation.

SARS-CoV-2 Spike P26S Antibody (Gamma Variant)

9573-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: In January of 2021 a new lineage of SARS-CoV-2, known as P.1 and named as Gamma variant, was discovered in Japan and later spread in Brazil. It is considered as VOC (variant of concern). This variant carries 10 mutations in spike protein, including N501Y, E484K and K417T in RBD, which can increase the affinity to the human ACE2 receptor. Enhanced transmission of the Gamma variant (P.1 lineage) was observed globally, which is 3.5 times more contagious as the original one. The Gamma variant affects the effectiveness of COVID19 vaccine and is resistant to neutralization to some extent due to the immune escape E484K mutation.

SARS-CoV-2 Spike P26S Peptide (Gamma Variant)

9573P 0.05 mg
EUR 235.5
Description: SARS-CoV-2 Spike P26S Peptide (Gamma Variant)

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Matched Pair

MPS-0001 1 Set
EUR 1029.3
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Matched Pair

MPS-0002 1 Set
EUR 1029.3
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Matched Pair

MPS-0003 1 Set
EUR 1029.3
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Matched Pair

MPS-0004 1 Set
EUR 1029.3
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Matched Pair

MPS-0005 1 Set
EUR 1029.3
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

Recombinant Coronavirus Spike Protein (SARS-CoV-2; ECD)

P1533-10 10 µg
EUR 235.2

Recombinant Coronavirus Spike Protein (SARS-CoV-2; ECD)

P1533-50 50 µg
EUR 709.2

Recombinant SARS-CoV Spike protein [GST] (37 kDa)

VAng-Wyb8620-inquire inquire Ask for price
Description: SARS-CoV C-terminal of the Spike protein (37 kDa), recombinant protein from E. coli, 1 mg/mL.

Recombinant SARS-CoV Spike protein [GST] (38 kDa)

VAng-Wyb8621-inquire inquire Ask for price
Description: SARS-CoV middle region of the Spike protein (38 kDa), recombinant protein from E. coli, 1 mg/mL.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike RBD Recombinant Protein

10-100 0.1 mg
EUR 651.3
Description: The spike protein (S) of coronavirus (CoV) attaches the virus to its cellular receptor, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). A defined receptor-binding domain (RBD) on S mediates this interaction. The S protein plays key parts in the induction of neutralizing-antibody and T-cell responses as well as protective immunity.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S1 Recombinant Protein

10-107 0.1 mg
EUR 651.3
Description: The spike protein (S) of coronavirus (CoV) attaches the virus to its cellular receptor, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). A defined receptor-binding domain (RBD) on S mediates this interaction. The S protein plays key parts in the induction of neutralizing-antibody and T-cell responses as well as protective immunity.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S1 Recombinant Protein

10-109 0.1 mg
EUR 651.3
Description: The spike protein (S) of coronavirus (CoV) attaches the virus to its cellular receptor, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). A defined receptor-binding domain (RBD) on S mediates this interaction. The S protein plays key parts in the induction of neutralizing-antibody and T-cell responses as well as protective immunity.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S1 Recombinant Protein

10-111 0.1 mg
EUR 651.3
Description: The spike protein (S) of coronavirus (CoV) attaches the virus to its cellular receptor, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). A defined receptor-binding domain (RBD) on S mediates this interaction. The S protein plays key parts in the induction of neutralizing-antibody and T-cell responses as well as protective immunity.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike RBD Recombinant Protein

10-117 0.1 mg
EUR 752.1
Description: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike RBD Recombinant Protein

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S1 Recombinant Protein

10-118 0.1 mg
EUR 651.3
Description: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S1 Recombinant Protein

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike RBD Recombinant Protein

10-204 0.1 mg
EUR 651.3
Description: The spike protein (S) of coronavirus (CoV) attaches the virus to its cellular receptor, angiotensinconverting enzyme 2 (ACE2). A defined receptor-binding domain (RBD) on S mediates this interaction.The S protein plays key parts in the induction of neutralizing-antibody and T-cell responses, as well as protective immunity.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike RBD Recombinant Protein

10-206 0.1 mg
EUR 651.3
Description: The spike protein (S) of coronavirus (CoV) attaches the virus to its cellular receptor, angiotensinconverting enzyme 2 (ACE2). A defined receptor-binding domain (RBD) on S mediates this interaction.The S protein plays key parts in the induction of neutralizing-antibody and T-cell responses, as well as protective immunity.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S1 Recombinant Protein

10-207 0.1 mg
EUR 651.3
Description: The spike protein (S) of coronavirus (CoV) attaches the virus to its cellular receptor, angiotensinconverting enzyme 2 (ACE2). A defined receptor-binding domain (RBD) on S mediates this interaction.The S protein plays key parts in the induction of neutralizing-antibody and T-cell responses, as well as protective immunity.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S1 Recombinant Protein

10-209 0.1 mg
EUR 651.3
Description: The spike protein (S) of coronavirus (CoV) attaches the virus to its cellular receptor, angiotensinconverting enzyme 2 (ACE2). A defined receptor-binding domain (RBD) on S mediates this interaction.The S protein plays key parts in the induction of neutralizing-antibody and T-cell responses, as well as protective immunity.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S1 Recombinant Protein

10-300 0.1 mg
EUR 632.4
Description: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S1 Recombinant Protein

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike RBD Recombinant Protein

10-303 0.1 mg
EUR 632.4
Description: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike RBD Recombinant Protein

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S1 Recombinant Protein

21-805 50 ug
EUR 468.6
Description: SARS-CoV-2 shares 79.5% sequence identity with SARS-CoV and is 96.2% identical at the genome level to the bat coronavirus BatCoV RaTG133, suggesting it had originated in bats. The coronaviral genome encodes four major structural proteins: the Spike (S) protein, Nucleocapsid (N) protein, Membrane/Matrix (M) protein and the Envelope (E) protein. The SARS Envelope (E) protein contains a short palindromic transmembrane helical hairpin that seems to deform lipid bilayers, which may explain its role in viral budding and virion envelope morphogenesis. The SARS Membrane/Matrix (M) protein is one of the major structural viral proteins. It is an integral membrane protein involved in the budding of the viral particles and interacts with SARS Spike (S) protein and the Nucleocapsid (N) protein. The N protein contains two domains, both of them bind the virus RNA genome via different mechanisms.The CoV Spike (S) protein assembles as trimer and plays the most important role in viral attachment, fusion and entry. It is composed of a short intracellular tail, a transmembrane anchor and a large ectodomain that consists of a receptor binding S1 subunit (RBD domain) and a membrane-fusing S2 subunit. The S1 subunit contains a receptor binding domain (RBD), which binds to the cell surface receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) present at the surface of epithelial cells.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S1 Recombinant Protein

21-807 50 ug
EUR 437.1
Description: SARS-CoV-2 shares 79.5% sequence identity with SARS-CoV and is 96.2% identical at the genome level to the bat coronavirus BatCoV RaTG133, suggesting it had originated in bats. The coronaviral genome encodes four major structural proteins: the Spike (S) protein, Nucleocapsid (N) protein, Membrane/Matrix (M) protein and the Envelope (E) protein. The SARS Envelope (E) protein contains a short palindromic transmembrane helical hairpin that seems to deform lipid bilayers, which may explain its role in viral budding and virion envelope morphogenesis. The SARS Membrane/Matrix (M) protein is one of the major structural viral proteins. It is an integral membrane protein involved in the budding of the viral particles and interacts with SARS Spike (S) protein and the Nucleocapsid (N) protein. The N protein contains two domains, both of them bind the virus RNA genome via different mechanisms.The CoV Spike (S) protein assembles as trimer and plays the most important role in viral attachment, fusion and entry. It is composed of a short intracellular tail, a transmembrane anchor and a large ectodomain that consists of a receptor binding S1 subunit (RBD domain) and a membrane-fusing S2 subunit. The S1 subunit contains a receptor binding domain (RBD), which binds to the cell surface receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) present at the surface of epithelial cells.The SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein S1 (RBD) (rec.) (His) is used as antigen in the Serological ELISA Kit to detect anti-SARS-CoV-2 Spike (RBD) antibodies in serum or plasma (see SARS-CoV-2 (Spike RBD) IgG Serological ELISA Kit; AG-45B-0020).

SARS CoV-2 full length spike protein nanodisc complex

21-817 0.025 mg
EUR 1968
Description: The coronavirus, also known as SARS-CoV-2, enters the cell by using its surface SPIKE. SPIKE is processed on the cell's surface by TMPRSS2, a serine protease. It then subsequently binds to ACE2 a cell surface receptor. The Native SPIKE protein is a trimer that is located in the coronavirus membrane. Therefore to get pure & native SPIKE the trimer needs to be kept intact. Our lab staff achieved this in three different ways: MSP nanodiscs, based on MSP proteins Detergent Mycelles, as you can see here Synthetic nanodiscs

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike-RBD Recombinant Protein

10-008 0.1 mg
EUR 714.3
Description: SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) also known as 2019-nCoV (2019 Novel Coronavirus) is a virus that causes illnesses ranging from the common cold to severe diseases. SARS CoV-2 spike protein is composed of S1 domain and S2 domain. S1 contains a receptor-binding domain (RBD) that can specifically bind to angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), the receptor on the target cells. SARS-CoV-2 spike protein (RBD) has the potential value for the diagnosis of the virus.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike-RBD Recombinant Protein

10-015 0.1 mg
EUR 714.3
Description: SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) also known as 2019-nCoV (2019 Novel Coronavirus) is a virus that causes illnesses ranging from the common cold to severe diseases. SARS CoV-2 spike protein is composed of S1 domain and S2 domain. S1 contains a receptor-binding domain (RBD) that can specifically bind to angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), the receptor on the target cells. SARS-CoV-2 spike protein (RBD) has the potential value for the diagnosis of the virus.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S1 Antibody (biotin)

9083-biotin-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S1 Antibody (biotin)

9083-biotin-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike RBD Antibody (biotin)

9087-biotin-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike RBD Antibody (biotin)

9087-biotin-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike 681P Antibody (biotin)

9091-biotin-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike 681P Antibody (biotin)

9091-biotin-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Antibody (cleavage site)

9095-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Antibody (cleavage site)

9095-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody (biotin)

9123-biotin-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody (biotin)

9123-biotin-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 Spike P681H Antibody (Alpha, Mu Variant)

9359-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: In September of 2020 a new lineage of SARS-CoV-2, known as B.1.1.7, was discovered in the United Kingdom. This lineage was found to have developed 14 lineage-specific amino acid replacements and 3 deletions prior to its discovery. The transmission of UK variant (B.1.1.7 lineage) was increased at least 50%. Increased severity and higher death rate were also found in UK variant. UK variant will not affect the effectiveness of COVID19 vaccine. One of the mutations associated with this lineage is a N501Y in the spike protein of the virus. It is believed that this mutation is able to increase the spike protein's affinity for the host ACE2 receptor and it has been associated with increased infectivity and virulence. B.1.1.7 viruses have also been shown to have a P681H in the cleavage site of spike protein. This location is one of the residues that make up the furin cleavage site between S1 and S2 in spike protein.

SARS-CoV-2 Spike P681H Antibody (Alpha, Mu Variant)

9359-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: In September of 2020 a new lineage of SARS-CoV-2, known as B.1.1.7, was discovered in the United Kingdom. This lineage was found to have developed 14 lineage-specific amino acid replacements and 3 deletions prior to its discovery. The transmission of UK variant (B.1.1.7 lineage) was increased at least 50%. Increased severity and higher death rate were also found in UK variant. UK variant will not affect the effectiveness of COVID19 vaccine. One of the mutations associated with this lineage is a N501Y in the spike protein of the virus. It is believed that this mutation is able to increase the spike protein's affinity for the host ACE2 receptor and it has been associated with increased infectivity and virulence. B.1.1.7 viruses have also been shown to have a P681H in the cleavage site of spike protein. This location is one of the residues that make up the furin cleavage site between S1 and S2 in spike protein.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike 156-157EF Antibody

9685-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: SARS-CoV-2 delta variant, a variant of concern (VOC), known as B.1.617.2, was detected in India in October of 2020. However, it rapidly spread all over of the world and now it is the dominant variant in the world, which account for more than 99% of the cases. This variant carries at least 13 mutations in spike protein across the sub lineages, including L452R, D614G, P681R and K417N, which can increase the affinity to the human ACE2 receptor. Enhanced transmission of the Delta variant was observed globally, which is at least 2.5 times more contagious as the other variants. The Delta variant affects the effectiveness of COVID19 vaccine and is resistant to neutralization to some extent.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike 156-157EF Antibody

9685-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: SARS-CoV-2 delta variant, a variant of concern (VOC), known as B.1.617.2, was detected in India in October of 2020. However, it rapidly spread all over of the world and now it is the dominant variant in the world, which account for more than 99% of the cases. This variant carries at least 13 mutations in spike protein across the sub lineages, including L452R, D614G, P681R and K417N, which can increase the affinity to the human ACE2 receptor. Enhanced transmission of the Delta variant was observed globally, which is at least 2.5 times more contagious as the other variants. The Delta variant affects the effectiveness of COVID19 vaccine and is resistant to neutralization to some extent.

SARS-CoV-2 Spike RBD protein antibody pair 1

CSB-EAP33245 1 pair
EUR 900
Description: This is a set of capture antibody and HRP-conjugated antbody for quantitative detection of SARS-CoV-2 Spike RBD protein for through solid phase sandwich ELISA.

Recombinant Coronavirus Spike Protein (SARS-CoV S1; His tag)

P1516-10 10µg
EUR 308.4

Recombinant Coronavirus Spike Protein (SARS-CoV S, His tag)

P1520-10 10µg
EUR 308.4

Recombinant Coronavirus Spike Protein (SARS-CoV-2; His tag)

P1528-10 10 µg
EUR 235.2

Recombinant Coronavirus Spike Protein (SARS-CoV-2; His tag)

P1528-50 50 µg
EUR 709.2

Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein S1 (His-tag)

P1540-10 10 µg
EUR 211.2

Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein S1 (His-tag)

P1540-50 50 µg
EUR 818.4

Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein S1 (Fc tag)

P1541-10 10 µg
EUR 211.2

Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein S1 (Fc tag)

P1541-50 50 µg
EUR 818.4

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike 681P Antibody [8G10A1]

PM-9365-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: In September of 2020 a new lineage of SARS-CoV-2, known as B.1.1.7 and named as Alpha variant, was discovered in the United Kingdom. This lineage developed 14 lineage-specific amino acid replacements and 3 deletions. These changes caused an increase in transmission of Alpha variant (B.1.1.7 lineage) by at least 50%, leading to increased disease severity and higher death rates. The effectiveness of COVID19 vaccines are not affected by the Alpha variant. One of the mutations associated with this lineage is a N501Y in the spike protein of the virus. It is believed that this mutation is able to increase the spike protein's affinity for the host ACE2 receptor and it has been associated with increased infectivity and virulence. B.1.1.7 viruses have also been shown to have a P681H mutation in the cleavage site of spike protein. This location is one of the residues that make up the furin proteolytic cleavage site between S1 and S2 in spike protein.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike 681P Antibody [8G10A1]

PM-9365-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: In September of 2020 a new lineage of SARS-CoV-2, known as B.1.1.7 and named as Alpha variant, was discovered in the United Kingdom. This lineage developed 14 lineage-specific amino acid replacements and 3 deletions. These changes caused an increase in transmission of Alpha variant (B.1.1.7 lineage) by at least 50%, leading to increased disease severity and higher death rates. The effectiveness of COVID19 vaccines are not affected by the Alpha variant. One of the mutations associated with this lineage is a N501Y in the spike protein of the virus. It is believed that this mutation is able to increase the spike protein's affinity for the host ACE2 receptor and it has been associated with increased infectivity and virulence. B.1.1.7 viruses have also been shown to have a P681H mutation in the cleavage site of spike protein. This location is one of the residues that make up the furin proteolytic cleavage site between S1 and S2 in spike protein.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike 681P Antibody [8G10B1]

PM-9366-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: In September of 2020 a new lineage of SARS-CoV-2, known as B.1.1.7 and named as Alpha variant, was discovered in the United Kingdom. This lineage developed 14 lineage-specific amino acid replacements and 3 deletions. These changes caused an increase in transmission of Alpha variant (B.1.1.7 lineage) by at least 50%, leading to increased disease severity and higher death rates. The effectiveness of COVID19 vaccines are not affected by the Alpha variant. One of the mutations associated with this lineage is a N501Y in the spike protein of the virus. It is believed that this mutation is able to increase the spike protein's affinity for the host ACE2 receptor and it has been associated with increased infectivity and virulence. B.1.1.7 viruses have also been shown to have a P681H mutation in the cleavage site of spike protein. This location is one of the residues that make up the furin proteolytic cleavage site between S1 and S2 in spike protein.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike 681P Antibody [8G10B1]

PM-9366-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: In September of 2020 a new lineage of SARS-CoV-2, known as B.1.1.7 and named as Alpha variant, was discovered in the United Kingdom. This lineage developed 14 lineage-specific amino acid replacements and 3 deletions. These changes caused an increase in transmission of Alpha variant (B.1.1.7 lineage) by at least 50%, leading to increased disease severity and higher death rates. The effectiveness of COVID19 vaccines are not affected by the Alpha variant. One of the mutations associated with this lineage is a N501Y in the spike protein of the virus. It is believed that this mutation is able to increase the spike protein's affinity for the host ACE2 receptor and it has been associated with increased infectivity and virulence. B.1.1.7 viruses have also been shown to have a P681H mutation in the cleavage site of spike protein. This location is one of the residues that make up the furin proteolytic cleavage site between S1 and S2 in spike protein.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike 681P Antibody [8G10C8]

PM-9367-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: In September of 2020 a new lineage of SARS-CoV-2, known as B.1.1.7 and named as Alpha variant, was discovered in the United Kingdom. This lineage developed 14 lineage-specific amino acid replacements and 3 deletions. These changes caused an increase in transmission of Alpha variant (B.1.1.7 lineage) by at least 50%, leading to increased disease severity and higher death rates. The effectiveness of COVID19 vaccines are not affected by the Alpha variant. One of the mutations associated with this lineage is a N501Y in the spike protein of the virus. It is believed that this mutation is able to increase the spike protein's affinity for the host ACE2 receptor and it has been associated with increased infectivity and virulence. B.1.1.7 viruses have also been shown to have a P681H mutation in the cleavage site of spike protein. This location is one of the residues that make up the furin proteolytic cleavage site between S1 and S2 in spike protein.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike 681P Antibody [8G10C8]

PM-9367-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: In September of 2020 a new lineage of SARS-CoV-2, known as B.1.1.7 and named as Alpha variant, was discovered in the United Kingdom. This lineage developed 14 lineage-specific amino acid replacements and 3 deletions. These changes caused an increase in transmission of Alpha variant (B.1.1.7 lineage) by at least 50%, leading to increased disease severity and higher death rates. The effectiveness of COVID19 vaccines are not affected by the Alpha variant. One of the mutations associated with this lineage is a N501Y in the spike protein of the virus. It is believed that this mutation is able to increase the spike protein's affinity for the host ACE2 receptor and it has been associated with increased infectivity and virulence. B.1.1.7 viruses have also been shown to have a P681H mutation in the cleavage site of spike protein. This location is one of the residues that make up the furin proteolytic cleavage site between S1 and S2 in spike protein.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody [4F10]

PM-9428-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody [4F10]

PM-9428-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody [5E6]

PM-9429-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody [5E6]

PM-9429-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), formerly known as 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease, is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus closely related to the SARS virus (1). The disease is the cause of the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak (2). The structure of 2019-nCoV consists of the following: a Spike protein (S), hemagglutinin-esterease dimer (HE), a membrane glycoprotein (M), an envelope protein (E) a nucleoclapid protein (N) and RNA. Coronavirus invades cells through Spike (S) glycoproteins, a class I fusion protein. It is the major viral surface protein that coronavirus uses to bind to the human cell surface receptor. It also mediates the fusion of host and viral cell membrane, allowing the virus to enter human cells and begin infection (3). The spike protein is the major target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine development (4). The protein modeling suggests that there is strong interaction between Spike protein receptor-binding domain and its host receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which regulate both the cross-species and human-to-human transmissions of COVID-19 (5). The recent study has shown that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binds ACE2 with higher affinity than SARS-CoV spike protein (6).

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike 26P Antibody [1C3H9]

PM-9583-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 229.7
Description: In January of 2021 a new lineage of SARS-CoV-2, known as P.1 and named Gamma variant, was discovered in Japan and later spread in Brazil. It is considered a VOC (variant of concern). This variant carries 10 mutations in spike protein, including N501Y, E484K and K417T in RBD, which can increase the affinity to the human ACE2 receptor. Enhanced transmission of the Gamma variant (P.1 lineage) was observed globally, which is 3.5 times more contagious as the original one. The Gamma variant affects the effectiveness of COVID19 vaccine and is resistant to neutralization to some extent due to the immune escape E484K mutation.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike 26P Antibody [1C3H9]

PM-9583-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 594.26
Description: In January of 2021 a new lineage of SARS-CoV-2, known as P.1 and named Gamma variant, was discovered in Japan and later spread in Brazil. It is considered a VOC (variant of concern). This variant carries 10 mutations in spike protein, including N501Y, E484K and K417T in RBD, which can increase the affinity to the human ACE2 receptor. Enhanced transmission of the Gamma variant (P.1 lineage) was observed globally, which is 3.5 times more contagious as the original one. The Gamma variant affects the effectiveness of COVID19 vaccine and is resistant to neutralization to some extent due to the immune escape E484K mutation.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody [P1A6]

SD9785-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 253.22
Description: N/A

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody [P1A6]

SD9785-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 723.62
Description: N/A

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody [P1B8]

SD9787-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 253.22
Description: N/A

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody [P1B8]

SD9787-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 723.62
Description: N/A

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody [P1G5]

SD9789-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 253.22
Description: N/A

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody [P1G5]

SD9789-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 723.62
Description: N/A

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody [P1A9]

SD9791-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 253.22
Description: N/A

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 Antibody [P1A9]

SD9791-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 723.62
Description: N/A

Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein(S) (D614G), Partial

E80028
  • EUR 388.30
  • EUR 860.20
  • 20 ul
  • 100 ul

Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein(S) (D614G), Partial

E80028-1 20 ul
EUR 388.3

Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein(S) (D614G), Partial

E80028-2 100 ul
EUR 860.2

SARS Spike Peptide

3219P 0.05 mg
EUR 197.7
Description: (NT) SARS Spike peptide

SARS Spike Peptide

3525P 0.05 mg
EUR 197.7
Description: (CT) SARS Spike peptide

SARS Spike Antibody

24216-100ul 100ul
EUR 468

SARS Spike Antibody

24217-100ul 100ul
EUR 468

SARS Spike Antibody

24218-100ul 100ul
EUR 468

SARS Spike Antibody

24219-100ul 100ul
EUR 468

SARS Spike Antibody

24318-100ul 100ul
EUR 468

SARS Spike Antibody

20-abx137184
  • EUR 1262.40
  • EUR 1846.80
  • EUR 2064.00
  • 100 ug
  • 200 ug
  • 300 µg

SARS Spike Antibody

20-abx137200
  • EUR 1412.40
  • EUR 2264.40
  • EUR 2665.20
  • 100 ug
  • 200 ug
  • 300 µg

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Trimeric Spike (S) Recombinant Protein

10-075 0.1 mg
EUR 991.5
Description: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is an enveloped, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA virus that belongs to the Coronaviridae family 1. The SARS-CoV-2 genome, which shares 79.6% identity with SARS-CoV, encodes four essential structural proteins: the spike (S), envelope (E), membrane (M), and nucleocapsid protein (N) 2. The S protein is a transmembrane, homotrimeric, class I fusion glycoprotein that mediates viral attachment, fusion, and entry into host cells 3. Each ~180 kDa monomer contains two functional subunits, S1 (~700 a.a) and S2 (~600 a.a), that mediate viral attachment and membrane fusion, respectively. S1 contains two major domains, the N-terminal (NTD) and C-terminal domains (CTD). The CTD contains the receptor-binding domain (RBD), which binds to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor on host cells 3-5. Although both SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 bind the ACE2 receptor, the RBDs only share ~73% amino acid identity, and the SARS-CoV-2 RBD binds with a higher affinity compared to SARS-CoV 3, 6. The RBD is dynamic and undergoes hinge-like conformational changes, referred to as the “down” or “up” conformations, which hide or expose the receptor-binding motifs, respectively 7. Following receptor binding, S1 destabilizes, and TMPRSS2 cleaves S2, which undergoes a pre- to post-fusion conformation transition, allowing for membrane fusion 8, 9. The S protein has been the main focus of therapeutic and vaccine design as it is highly immunogenic. Both neutralizing antibodies 10,11 and memory T cells 12,13 targeting the S protein are present in the sera of convalescent COVID-19 patients.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 ECD Recombinant Protein

10-115 0.1 mg
EUR 651.3
Description: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike S2 ECD Recombinant Protein

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Biotinylated Spike RBD Recombinant Protein

10-205 0.1 mg
EUR 752.1
Description: The spike protein (S) of coronavirus (CoV) attaches the virus to its cellular receptor, angiotensinconverting enzyme 2 (ACE2). A defined receptor-binding domain (RBD) on S mediates this interaction.The S protein plays key parts in the induction of neutralizing-antibody and T-cell responses, as well as protective immunity.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Biotinylated Spike S1 Recombinant Protein

10-208 0.1 mg
EUR 752.1
Description: The spike protein (S) of coronavirus (CoV) attaches the virus to its cellular receptor, angiotensinconverting enzyme 2 (ACE2). A defined receptor-binding domain (RBD) on S mediates this interaction.The S protein plays key parts in the induction of neutralizing-antibody and T-cell responses, as well as protective immunity.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike RBD + SD1 Recombinant Protein

10-304 0.1 mg
EUR 632.4
Description: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike RBD + SD1 Recombinant Protein

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Glycoprotein-S1, Recombinant protein

39-111 0.05 mg
EUR 1520.7
Description: A human infecting coronavirus (viral pneumonia) called 2019 novel coronavirus, 2019-nCoV was found in the fish market at the city of Wuhan, Hubei province of China on December 2019. The 2019-nCoV shares an 87% identity to the 2 bat-derived severe acute respiratory syndrome 2018 SARS-CoV-2 located in Zhoushan of eastern China. 2019-nCoV has an analogous receptor-BD-structure to that of 2018 SARS-CoV, even though there is a.a. diversity so thus the 2019-nCoV might bind to ACE2 receptor protein (angiotensin-converting enzyme 2)  in humans. While bats are possibly the host of 2019-nCoV, researchers suspect that animal from the ocean sold at the seafood market was an intermediate host. RSCU analysis proposes that the 2019-nCoV is a recombinant within the viral spike glycoprotein between the bat coronavirus and an unknown coronavirus.

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike Glycoprotein-S2, Recombinant protein

39-112 0.05 mg
EUR 1520.7
Description: A human infecting coronavirus (viral pneumonia) called 2019 novel coronavirus, 2019-nCoV was found in the fish market at the city of Wuhan, Hubei province of China on December 2019. The 2019-nCoV shares an 87% identity to the 2 bat-derived severe acute respiratory syndrome 2018 SARS-CoV-2 located in Zhoushan of eastern China. 2019-nCoV has an analogous receptor-BD-structure to that of 2018 SARS-CoV, even though there is a.a. diversity so thus the 2019-nCoV might bind to ACE2 receptor protein (angiotensin-converting enzyme 2)  in humans. While bats are possibly the host of 2019-nCoV, researchers suspect that animal from the ocean sold at the seafood market was an intermediate host. RSCU analysis proposes that the 2019-nCoV is a recombinant within the viral spike glycoprotein between the bat coronavirus and an unknown coronavirus.
The interplay interface between VinK and VinL is actually the identical within the two VinK-VinL complicated buildings, though the place of the pantetheine linker barely differs. This structural statement means that interface interactions usually are not affected by the cross-linking technique used.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *